The provisions of China where the Japanese merchant, must carry Ming Dynasty awarded the “Kan” to tribute under the name of the trade. Provisions decade a tribute, two hundred persons, two vessels. Obviously, this limit is far from being able to meet the actual needs of the trade between the two countries, especially Japan. One kind of bronze is constructed from large to small. Xuande the beginning of the Ming Dynasty to adjust slightly increased staff three hundred boat three, but still insisted on a tribute. In fact the boat limit is difficult to strictly enforce the Kan trade size, frequency greater than the Ming Dynasty fixed. Japanese merchant routine to the Ming Dynasty “contribution to square things, the offer knife bronze sword is said above, two hundred and two.
In addition, the king attached to take the goods “and the envoys and onboard monks and lay people of the” self into the thing, actually are commodities. Ming Dynasty does not allow non-governmental private to vend weapons, the general system of the Japanese bronze sword knife acquisition by the Crown and the price is very excellent, “a knife in Japan priced at 800, as well as one thousand text, while the Ming Dynasty to the price of 5,000 text is obvious that profits as high as four or five times. Later, the volume of imports surge, the quality decreased, the prices will follow the fall, but still profitable. The bronze becomes a group of tripods called lie Ding representing different status ranks in the Zhou dynasty.
To the bronze sword, knife ship brought the king attached to take the goods “and” into the matter “, has been the main item, the input has continued to grow. According to statistics provided by the wooden palace Yasuhiko, the first, second Kan ship brought the bronze sword, the sword, but three thousand, third, soaring to nine thousand nine hundred and sixty, the fourth of thirty thousand, the fifth times seven thousand to seven thousand 30 000 in the sixth was to Seventh, eighth to seven thousand, and the tenth is 20 000 4000 100 52 put. Ding is the main food vessel of sacrificial bronze. This is just the so-called “King attached to take the goods” the number does not include envoys “into the matter,” the figures. If we add into the matter, only eleven Kan ship to enter the Ming Dynasty bronze sword knife, it should be not less than two hundred thousand.
Third, the smuggling. The bronze sword knife huge profits not only stimulate the Kan trade, and will certainly stimulate the smuggling. The entire Ming Dynasty, in addition to the official control of the Kan trade between China and Japan, along the coast has been a large-scale smuggling trade, which is no home on the facts. Ming Dynasty Jinbing of law is very strict, a lot of private possession of weapons. The possession of a bronze stands for hierarchy system and authority in the ancient times. Especially Japanese bronze sword, knife, with its fine quality, “China’s multi-vend” have become a favorite collectibles, which can get a glimpse of the Ming Dynasty poetry Ode. You can believe that the bronze sword, knife also become one of the major commodities of the smuggling trade. Kanei, Japan, May (1634, Chong seven years), eleven years later, is strictly prohibited output weapons.
However, the smuggling of converting ban. Ming and Qing Dynasties, Guangdong, the market had “orang-devils” selling Japanese knives, because this particular commercial port of Macao, the Japanese sword can be seen everywhere in Macau, of course, from Macao to the Mainland. In short, from the smuggling channels into Japanese bronze sword knife will not less, but we are unable to test knowing the number of fills. In the Ming Dynasty, the national weapons production organizations imitation Japanese bronze sword, knife, which as early as in too Zu Hongwu years began. According to the the Kiyonaga ‘continued Book of General Volume 131 “weapons” are set out Hongwu 13 years Sets the “Army Council”, the production of all types of knife in there, “Japanese hob” . The ritual books of old China minutely describe who was allowed to use what kinds of sacrificial chinese bronze and how much.